Artist Peter Jans Saenredam
specialized in depiction of church
interiors. His artworks - cityscape
canvas paintings - are characterized by Protestant asceticism and accurate
presenting of the depicted architectural
His compatriot Jan van der
Heyden glorified his native
Amsterdam in his paintings. Another
Dutch painter became famous for his
realistic and detached cityscapes of
The Dutch artist Jan Vermeer also
belongs to this epoch. It is worth
mentioning his artwork View of Delft
created in 1661. The city of Delft was
accurately reflected in this oil painting,
one of the largest Vermeer's artwork.
The French writer Marcel Proust
called it the most beautiful painting in
the world. Later cityscapes of other
cities in this country appeared.
The Dutch were followed by artists of
Britain, Germany and France, where
cityscape painting also found its
admirers and connoisseurs.
The following XVIII century was the
heyday of the cityscape in Venice. At
that time, a whole galaxy of prominent
landscape painters worked in this city.
The most famous of them are Marco
Ricci and Francesco Guardi. New
genres of cityscape art appeared then.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the
capriccio (caprice) genre became
Capriccio is a flight of architectural
fantasy on canvas, work of
imagination. Its followers depicted the
ruins of imaginary antique buildings.
In addition to the Venetian artists
mentioned above, Giovanni Paolo
Panini, Giovanni Piranesi and
Giambattista Tiepolo became
recognized masters of capriccio. The
cityscape artworks of the latter are
not limited solely to architectural
fantasies. In his paintings you can see
unusually dressed people in the
likeness of philosophers and warriors
walking among mysterious ancient
ruins and statues.