The Latin word abstraction, meaning withdrawal or abstraction, became the stem of the name of the art movement abstractionism. So what did art have to withdraw or abstract from? It withdrew from depicting images of distinct objects towards unrestricted self-expression.
Art decided that in order to fully serve beauty it is sufficient to be able to combine color and fuzzy objects, or geometrical shapes at least.
After cutting ties with the dull reality, art headed for an unknown field. This did not happen abruptly.
Medieval Chinese artists used to create paintings by spraying ink droplets, seeking to create something spontaneous, irrational, and unknown. Barely distinguishable landscapes helped to create a meditative mood. Ancient Chinese masters Wang Mo, Liang Kai, Yu Jian, Zhu Derun blurred the line between reality and imagination.
By the way, Chinese calligraphy and arabesques can be regarded as abstract art by those who cannot read what is written with their help. However, all these are a very ancient form of art.
By the end of the 19th century, artists had felt tired of everything realistic and understandable, and started searching for something unknown. One of the forerunners of the new style is Nocturne in Black and Gold: a Falling Rocket by James Whistler. In this abstract oil painting, created in 1872, the form is evidently more important than the meaning. But officially this art movement appeared a little later. The approximate time of birth of abstractionism is 1910. Among the pioneers of the new style were the Dutch painter Piet Mondrian, Eastern European artists František Kupka, Kazimir Malevich and Wassily Kandinsky. The latter also elaborated a theoretical justification for the new style in his theoretical work Concerning the Spiritual in Art.
PROMINENT ABSTRACT ARTISTS
Wassily Kandinsky is not only an artist, but also a theorist of new art, who reflected his philosophy on canvas, telling the truth to the world in his own artistic language. He is justly considered to be the founder and leader of abstractionism.
Piet Mondrian is an artist of the first half of the twentieth century, and the pioneer of abstract art. He proclaimed the rejection of traditional forms of painting and the transition to full abstraction. Black lines in his artworks formed cells, filled with various colors. So he portrayed the harmony of the universe. His finds in painting were used by architects and designers of the twentieth century.
Kazimir Malevich laid the foundation for suprematism, a movement in abstractionism, which, as the name suggests, his creator considered the pinnacle of the style (the Latin word supremus means the highest). Malevich proved that art can be born from geometry. In his artworks, combinations of geometric shapes formed a new reality.
And his abstract artwork Black Square is familiar even to people who are very far from painting, at least by hearsay.
ABSTRACT ART MOVEMENTS
Shortly after the emergence of abstractionism, several new trends withdrew from it: lyrical and geometric abstraction, suprematism, neoplasticism, constructivism, abstract expressionism, tashizm, and eventually, op-art and minimalism, kinetic art.
The aesthetics of abstract artists and their creative decisions have been borrowed by architects, designers, fashion designers. Abstract art for sale can be found on the Jose Art Gallery.