The greatest master of the West
European Renaissance, Albrecht Durer,
is one of the founders of the engraving.
His most famous works on copper -
"Knight, Death and the Devil" (1513),
"St. Jerome in the cell" and
The great Italian artist and scholar of the
Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci, was an
inimitable draftsman. His huge graphic
heritage includes: preparatory drawings
for paintings, images of animals and
plants, illustrations for technical
designs, drawings for tracts.
The Italian architect and sculptor of the
Baroque, Lorenzo Bernini, is considered
one of the founders of the art of
cartoons: he created a series of witty
cartoons, as well as remarkable sketches
of his own face.
The famous Dutch painter Rembrandt is
a reformer of the art of engraving,
which he considered equal to painting.
The most famous of his etchings are the
so-called. "A hundred-guilder Leaf "
(1643-1649), "Three trees" (1643),
"Three Crosses" (1653).
The Spanish artist and engraver
Francisco Goya is considered one of the
most original drawing artists. Most of
his works are etchings. His drawing
works are combined into large series
(the very first and most famous is
Significant impact on European art was
exerted by the work of the Japanese
engraver Hokusai Katsushika. During
his creative heyday (1820s-1830s.) he
created a series of large easel
engravings: "One hundred views of
Fuji", "Views of remarkable bridges of
various provinces", etc.
The great Dutch artist Vincent Van
Gogh created a large number of drawing
works: sketches in pen and pencil,
sketches for paintings and individual
works. He used a variety of expressive
means: coal, chalk, sepia, graphite
pencil, white, color ink, Indian ink,
The French artist Henri de Toulouse-
Lautrec raised the genre of the
advertising poster to the level of high
art. Printed graphics took a very
important place in his work. During the
period from 1891 to 1899 he made
about 350 prints and posters (the most
famous being "The Japanese Sofa").
Among the 50,000 works by the greatest
artist of the 20th century, the Spanish
Pablo Picasso, there are 18,000
engravings, 149 albums with drawings
and more than 7,000 individual
drawings. The artist's business card is
the poster "Dove of Peace" (1949).
In the work of the Spanish surrealist
artist Salvador Dali drawing stands
apart. The leitmotif of his drawing
works are absurd images of people and
animals, as well as play with shapes and
dimensions. He created more than 200
etchings. Illustrations for the "Divine
Comedy" are recognized as the best
works of the artist in the field of book