The circle as a visual symbol

Oleg Gonchar, Curator
05/21/2022, 7:41 PM
The circle as a visual symbol
In 1509, the book "Divine Proportion" was published in Venice, created by the monk Fra Luca Bartolomeo de Pacioli. It provides a lot of visual evidence for the assertion that the circle is one of the universal geometric shapes, with the help of which nature creates that amazing phenomenon that we call beauty. After reviewing the work of Pacioli, the great Renaissance painter, Leonardo da Vinci, created his own theory of the "Golden Ratio" and the famous "Vitruvian Man". However, long before the appearance of the studies of these two worthy pundits, the circle (circumference) was repeatedly encoded in the outlines of the Great Pyramid (Gizeh Plateau, Egypt).

The circle is a visual symbol of sustainability. The circle is a visual symbol of completion, which is familiar to every person almost from birth. It is enough to look into the heavens to see how magnificent the disk of the Sun and the disk of the full Moon are. The circle is a symbol of the continuous and endless movement of time and the change of seasons. The circle is one of the most important figures of magic that mankind resorted to in the early stages of its development in order to influence various natural processes and phenomena. There is nothing surprising in the fact that the circle, as a figurative symbol, has firmly entered art, poetry, and painting. Our ear is accustomed to and understands the expressions "in the circle of friends", "return to normal", "round the clock", and many others.

Ukrainian artist Natalia Rosputko created a cycle of paintings based on the idea of ​​the symbolism of the circle. For example, a still life in the circle "Blue hydrangeas". The flower, placed in a circle, we can interpret as the artist's dream of a realm of beauty that has spread to the entire globe. Probably, a creative person is most clearly characterized by dreams embodied in works of art. On the other hand, the circle is used in the still life "Blue Hydrangeas" as a symbolic (magical) protection of beauty. This image has deep roots dating back to the Middle Ages, when scientists and magicians protected themselves from the destructive influences of the external environment with the help of a circle outlined on the floor with white chalk.

The cycle of paintings by Natalia Rosputko on the theme of the symbolism of the circle offers the viewer a range of different moods, emotional states - from the cool tones of "Violet-Green Hydrangea" to warm and peaceful motifs in the still life "Serenity, Exciting Dreams". So in the work of Natalia Rosputko, the classics echo the present, giving the viewer a reason to think about beauty, the mysteries of nature, and eternal truths.